Antalya is the fifth most populous city in Turkey and the capital of Antalya Province. Popular among foreign tourists during Summer and Winter; Antalya is a place that brings city holidays and beach holidays together. Antalya is home to many shopping malls as well as a zoo and an aquarium. Located on Anatlia's southwest coast and bordered by the Taurus Mountains, Antalya is the largest Turkish city on the Mediterranean coast outside the Aegean region with over one million people in its metropolitan area. Not far from Antalya are the seaside towns of Kaş and Kalkan; the latter being famous for it's winding streets and rooftop restaurants.
The city was founded as "Attaleia" named after it's founder Attalos II, king of Pergamon. This name, still in use in Greek, was later evolved in Turkish as Adalia and then Antalya. King Attalos II is looked at as the founder of Antalya in about 150BC, during the Hellenistic period. Due to it's close relationship with ancient Greek times there are many historical elements of the city that resemble its ancient Greek heritage; Hadrian's Gate being one of them. This was buit in honor of the Roman emperor Hadrian who visited in the year 130.
Despite having architectural heritage dating back up to Hellenistic times, most historical architecture in Antalya date to the medieval Selçuk period. A number of mosques, Turkish baths and rock tombs gave the city a Turkish-Islamic character. Many of thse historical sights can be seen from the city centre itself.